Oriental Rugs Glossary “J”

Jaipur: A north central Indian city in the province of Rajasthan. The city is known for having prisoners weave rugs for commercial purposes. Rugs are based on 17th century Indian Mughal designs.

Jajim: A flat weave made by combining a few warp strips together. Jajims will then be made into bed covers or curtains. They are most commonly found in northwest Iran, Turkey and the Caucasus.

Jufti: A false knotting technique that simplifies the knot for the weaver. A knot tied over four wraps instead of the usual two.

Julykhyrs: also julkhir (Uzbek), literal translation – bearskin, a type of pile rug made by both the Kirghiz and Uzbek weavers, usually with long pile, thought to serve as sleeping rugs.

Jolami: Tent hand, usually on a white ground. Usually less than 0.30m. wide by more than 20m. In length. The more usual type has the design piled on a flat-woven ground hut there is a small number of highly valued all-pile examples. Most jolami are attributed to either the Tekke or Yomut tribes. There are various types of band used within the tent to give strength to the structure; these have different names depending on their function, with the main kind of band described above being called ak yup or ‘white girth’.

Josheghan: A town in north central Iran, thirty miles southwest of Kashan. This weaving center is mostly known for the design of an all over lozenge pattern – each consisting of a geometric floral motif. Josheghan Rugs are woven on cotton with a knot count of 100-200 knots per square “

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