Painted Rugs: A process of actually painting the rug to improve its look. Also if you touch-up worn areas with markers.
Patina: The surface appearance of a rug usually mellows with age or use.
Palas: A Caucasian flatweave rug.
Pazyryk: Earliest complete oriental rug.
Persian Knot: Looped around one thread with only a half-turn around the other thread.
Pendant: A small flower or cluster of flowers at the top and bottom of a medallion.
Perepedil: A Caucasus town in the Kuba region which is known for finely knotted 19th century rugs. The Perepedil rug most common design element resembles a pair of ram’s horns often together with a kufic border.
Pictorial Rug: A rug which depicts representations of people, places or any other images other than the conventional design motifs.
Pillar Rug: A type of Chinese long and narrow rug which wraps around pillars in a temple. The dragon is a typical design motif.
Pile: Face of the rug where the knot ends are cut, normally made of wool or silk.
Plain Weave: Used to describe a weave in which the warp and weft are of equal tension and spacing. On the surface the warp and weft are equally visible.
Plug: A piece from another rug sewn or woven into a hole in a rug.
Point: One tuft of pile.
Polyester: Synthetic fiber most often used in staple spun yarns.
Polypropylene/Olefin: Synthetic fiber used extensively in machine made rugs. This low-cost fiber is colored in the pellet phase of production. Performs best when headset and/or used in a dense construction.
Prayer Rug: A rug with a representation of mosque or arched prayer area. Columns may be shown supporting the arch with a lamp hanging from the arch’s apex.
Programmed Rugs: Weave the same design in different sizes.
Prophet’s green: Shades of green derived from combinations of indigo blue and yellow obtained from either yellow larkspur or unripe berries of a plant of the buckthorn family. This was thought to be the color of Mohammed’s banner.
Provenance: The source or origin. When applied to oriental rugs, provenance refers to the place of origin, the weavers of the rug and the time of origin.
Pushti: Persian term for a scatter rug, normally 2 x 3.